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It is a common misconception that if you are convicted for specific traffic offences under the Highway Traffic Act, you will “lose” points. More accurately, you will accumulate demerit points.

All drivers start at zero points. The points on your record are the total demerit points acquired as a result of offences committed within any two year period.

The Demerit Points System may provide for the cancellation or suspension of a drivers licence. You may be required to attend an interview or group session with an official of the Ministry and/or provide written information to the Ministry when you accumulate too many points to show cause why your licence should not be cancelled or suspended.

This interview may be held in person, by telephone or other electronic means, as specified by the Ministry. Payment of fees may also be required for the attendance at an interview or group session or for providing written information under this system.

The following will be considered by the Ministry when adding points to your record:

  • If a person is convicted of an offence and the penalty imposed by the court includes a period of licence suspension, no demerit points shall be recorded.
  • If a person is convicted of two or more offences and the penalty imposed by the court does not include a period of licence suspension, demerit points shall only be recorded for the conviction carrying the greatest number of points.
  • If a resident of Ontario is convicted in another province or territory of Canada or in certain states of the United States of America, the Registrar may record the demerit points for the conviction as if the conviction had been entered in Ontario for the equivalent offence.

Demerit Points System

The following table gives you a summary of how the Demerit Point System works:

 Full Licence DriverNovice Driver
The period the points stay on record from the date of the offence (not the date of the conviction)2 years2 years
You will receiving a notice (of warning letter) from the Ministry advising you of the number of points you have on record6, 7 or 8 points2, 3, 4 or 5 points
You may have to attend an interview to discuss your record and give reasons why your driver’s licence should not be suspended. Your driver’s licence may be suspended if you do not attend, comply with the requirement or show cause9, 10, 11, 12, 13 or 14 points6, 7 or 8 points
Your driver’s licence will be suspended if you have15 or more points9 or more points
The first suspension, after giving notice, will be30 days60 days
If you fail to surrender your licence, it may be suspended for2 years2 years
The subsequent (within 2 years after the expiry of the prior suspension), after giving notice, will be6 months6 months
After the suspension, the demerit points will be reduced to7 points4 points

Demerit Point Table

ITEMPROVISIONS FOR OFFENCES UNDER THE HIGHWAY TRAFFIC ACT (HTA)DEMERIT POINTSSHORT DESCRIPTION OF OFFENCES
1Section 2007Failing to remain at scene of accident
2Section 216 except where a suspension order is made under subsection 216 (3)7Driver failing to stop when signaled or requested by a police officer
3Section 1306Careless driving
4Section 1726Racing
5Subsections 175 (11) and (12)6Failing to stop for school bus
6Subsections 174 (1) and (2)5Driver of public vehicle or school bus failing to stop at railway crossings
7Section 128 the rate if speed is exceeded by  
8(a) 50 km/h or more6Exceeding speed limit by 50 km/h or more
9(b) 30 km/h or more and less than 50 km/h4Exceeding speed limit by 30 to 49 km/h
10(C) more than 15 km/h and less than 30 km/h3Exceeding speed limit by 16 to 29 km/h
11Section 1643Driving through/around/under railway crossing barrier
12Subsections 135 (2) and (3), 136 (1) (b), 136 (2), 138 (1), 139 (1), 141 (5), 144 (7), (8), (21)3failing to yield right of way
13Subsections 136 (10) (a), 144 (14), (15), (16), (17), (18), (21), 146 (3), (4), 163, and legislation3Failing to obey a stop sign, signal light or railway crossing signal
14Subsection 134 (1)3Failing to obey directions from a police officer
15Subsection 134 (3)3Driving or operating a vehicle on a closed highway when it is prohibited
16Subsections 199 (1) and (1.1)3Failing to report an accident
17Subsection 148 (8), 149, 150 and 1663Improper passing
18Section 1543Improper driving where the highway is divided into lanes
19Section 1584Following too closely
20Section 1623Crowding driver’s seat
21Section 156 (1) (a)3drive wrong way – divided highway
22Section 156 (1) (b)3Cross divided highway – no proper crossing provided
23Section 1533Wrong way in one way street or highway
24Section 159 (1) (a)3Failing to stop on right for emergency vehicle
25Section 159 (1) (b)3Failing to stop-nearest curb-for emergency vehicle
26Section 159 (1) (c)3Failing to stop-nearest edge of roadway; – for emergency vehicle
27Subsection 159 (2)3Failing to slow down and proceed with caution for emergency vehicle
28Subsection 159 (3)3Failing to move into another lane for emergency vehicle – if safe to do so
29Subsection 159 (4)3Following fire department vehicle to closely
30Subsection 79 (2)3Motor vehicle equipped with or carrying a speed measuring device
31Subsection 154.1 (3)3Improper use of high occupancy vehicle lane
32Subsection 146.1 (3)3Failing to obey traffic control stop sign
33Subsection 146.1 (4)3Failing to obey traffic control slow sign
34Subsection 176 (3)3Failing to obey school crossing stop sign
35Subsections (1), (2) and (3)3Failing to meet the duty of driver at pedestrian crossovers
36Subsection 157 (1)2Backing on Highway
37Subsections 148 (1), (2), (4), (5), (6) and (7)2Failing to share road
38Subsections 141 (2) and (3)2Improper right turn
39Subsections 141 (6) and (7)2Improper left turn
40Subsections 142 (00, (2) and (8)2Failing to signal
41Section 1322Unnecessary slow driving
42Section 1682Failing to lower head ramp beam
43Section 1652Improper opening of vehicle door
44Section 143 and Subsection 144 (9), by-laws2Prohibited turns
45Section 1602Towing of persons on toboggans, bicycles, skis, etc., prohibited
46Subsection 182 (2)2Failing to obey signs prescribed by regulation under subsection 182 (1)
47Subsection 106 (2)2Driver failing to properly wear a seat belt
48Subsection 106 (4) (a) (i)2Driving while passenger under 16 fails to occupy position with seat belt
49Section 106 (4) (b)2Driving while child passenger not properly secured
50Subsection 8 (2) of Reg. 6132Driver failing to ensure infant passenger is secured as prescribed
51Subsection 8 (3) of Reg. 6132Driver failing to ensure toddler passenger is secured as prescribed
52Subsection 8 (4) of Reg. 6132Driver failing to ensure child passenger is secured as prescribed
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